E46 series BMW 3

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



E46 series BMW 3
- BMW 3 cars (Е46)
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Governing bodies and operation receptions
   Governing bodies and devices
   Filling
   Keys, uniform lock and anticreeping system
   Security сигнализация*
   Window regulators
   The hatch with elevating and movable крышкой*
   Seats
   Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
   Mirrors
   Safety systems
   Lock of ignition and engine start
   Parking brake
   Manual box of gear shifting (RKPP)
   Automatic transmission (AT) *
   Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / light signal
   Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
   Heater of back glass
   Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed) *
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilization of stability with a regulator of a torque of the ASC+T/engine System of dynamic control of stability of DSC*
   The monitoring system of pressure of air in tires (RDC) *
   Lighting and light devices
   Heater, ventilation and conditioner of air of salon
   Salon equipment
   Running in
   Features of driving of the car
   Catalytic converter
   Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS)
   Disk brakes
   Brake system
   Luggage compartments
   Automobile телефон*
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Unlocking of a cover of the refueling hatch manually
   Drive of an elevating and movable cover of the hatch вручную*
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes



2d97642e


Features of driving of the car

Braking

Operating the car, do not hold a foot on a brake pedal. Even insignificant on force, but long impact on a pedal can have the consequence heating of brakes, their wear, and it is possible, and refusal of all system.

Hydroplaning


At movement on the roads covered with water or wet dirt, reduce speed as between the tire and a basic surface the water wedge can be formed. This condition known as hydroplaning, can lead to partial or complete loss of contact to a road surface, control loss over the car and braking possibilities.

Pools on the road


If it is necessary to go on pools, their depth should not exceed 30 see. At such depth it is necessary to go with speed of the pedestrian, damage of the engine, electric equipment and a gear shifting box otherwise is not excluded.

The shelf behind a back seat


It is impossible to put heavy or firm subjects as at the maneuvers connected with braking, they can injure the people who were in the car on the shelf.

Hooks for clothes


The clothes on hooks should be hung up so that it did not block the review for the driver. In order to avoid traumas at sharp braking it is impossible to hang up heavy subjects on these hooks.

Features of management of the car in the winter

Troganiye from a place


At a troganiye from a place if the car costs in deep snow, or at departure "vraskachka" it is recommended to disconnect ASC+T/DSC system *, address to the Section System of automatic stabilization of stability with a regulator of a torque of the ASC+T/engine System of dynamic control of stability of DSC.

Movement in ice


Operating with an accelerator pedal, try to feel car reaction. Avoid also high-speed modes and in due time pass to overgears. At movement under a bias or on liftings in due time pass to low gears. Maintain a safe distance to ahead going car.

Braking


Road conditions are that in the winter that coupling of tires with a road surface essentially decreases. Being in any situation, the driver should consider the significant increase in a brake way caused by it.

When braking ABS prevents blocking of wheels thanks to what the car keeps controllability and stability.

If in default wheel ABS nevertheless are blocked, that, without stopping braking, weaken pressure upon a pedal exactly so that the kacheniye of wheels renewed.

Then increase effort to a pedal, from the moment of blocking of wheels again reduce it, then again increase etc.

Such periodic braking reduces a brake way, allowing to keep controllability of the car at the same time.

Therefore you always can still try to go round a dangerous place after weakening of impact on a pedal.

On the slippery road it is impossible to be switched for delay of the car to a low gear as it can cause sliding of back wheels and, as a result, control loss over the car.

At sharp braking on the slippery road or at a non-uniform skolzkost of a paving you always should squeeze out a coupling pedal.

Drift


Squeeze out coupling and dump gas or transfer the AT selector lever to situation N. Operating with a steering wheel, try to level the car and to return it controllability.

Parking


Include the first transfer or transfer of a backing or transfer the AT selector lever to position of Rouble. Depending on a bias of the road tighten the parking brake. In order to avoid a prikhvatyvaniye of overlays of the parking brake to drums because of a frost or corrosion the brake should be dried previously, slightly tightening it on small to a course to a full stop of the car. Thus do not create hindrances to other participants of the traffic following behind you.

At the tightened parking brake stoplights do not burn.

Trailer towage


Movement with the trailer shows increased requirements both to the towing car, and to the driver.

The trailer limits maneuverability, ability to overcoming of liftings, dispersal and braking possibilities, influencing dynamic properties and controllability of the car.

On дышло you will find data on admissible mass of towed cargo and on a permissible load in Specifications. The admissible mass of towed cargo is specified also in the car passport. To consult about possibility of its increase it is possible on any HUNDRED BMWs.

Traction and coupling устройство*


The optimum design of a running gear of your car guarantees high traffic safety and comfort, and also possibility of a sports manner of driving.

If the traction coupling device is established at plant, the car is equipped strengthened подвеской* the back bridge which compensates weight of the traction coupling device and optimizes dynamic characteristics at movement without the trailer.

At a car doosnashcheniye traction and coupling устройством* it should have BMW certification. And its installation should be made technically competently on firm HUNDRED. It is recommended also дооснастить the car by the strengthened suspension bracket.

Other systems of a suspension bracket offered to free sale in system of trade in autoaccessories, have no BMW certification.

With a spherical head it is necessary to look after the traction coupling device according to enclosed instructions of the manufacturer that will provide possibility of fast installation and device dismantle.

Installation of the traction coupling device limits system effectiveness of the rear bumpers absorbing energy of collisions on small speeds at the expense of elastic deformations.

Stabilizing adaptations are recommended to be applied first of all at towage of the heavy trailer. To consult about it it is possible on any HUNDRED BMWs.

Nest cover for traction and coupling устройства*


 


 REMOVAL

1 Undertake cut in the lower part of a cover of a nest and pull it back.
2 Before removal and installation of a spherical head familiarize with the enclosed instruction.


 INSTALLATION

Insert a cover in directing and then press it.

Permissible load on a support дышла

It is a question of loading from which дышло the trailer presses on a spherical head of the traction coupling device. To define it it is possible, for example, floor household scales.

By the rules operating in Germany, it is size should make at least 25 kg.

The admissible size cannot be exceeded (address to Specifications), its maximum use however is desirable.

The weight from which дышло the trailer presses on the support, influences behavior of the car. Therefore at movement with the trailer admissible indicators of full weight of the car and load of the road from its back bridge should not be exceeded. Loading capacity partially decreases because of subtraction of weight of the traction coupling device from it, and at movement with the trailer also masses from which дышло the trailer presses on the support. It should not be exceeded and an indicator of admissible lump of the car with the trailer.

Loading


Loading of the trailer should be made so that cargo took place as it is possible below and as it is possible closer to a bridge axis.

Fall of the center of gravity of the trailer essentially improves traffic safety of the car with the trailer.

It is impossible to exceed indicators of lump of the trailer and admissible weight of towed cargo. The smaller size is defining.

Upon purchase of the trailer it is recommended to request from the seller guarantee confirmation by the manufacturer of his actual weight and loading capacity.

Movement on lifting


The size of an overcome bias (measured at a sea level) is limited 12 % for safety reasons and in order to avoid creation of hindrances to a transport stream, and at the increased mass of towed cargo (in the resolved cases) - 8 %.

From experience it is known that in process of increase in height above sea level engine capacity falls. At movement on mountain roads it is necessary to remember, in particular, deterioration of ability to a troganiye from a place on lifting in this connection it is necessary to refuse complete use of admissible limits of weight of the car and the trailer.

Movement under a bias


The special attention is demanded by descents of roads. On an entrance to them it is necessary to be switched to a low gear, if necessary up to the first (at AT complete set the lever of the selector is transferred to situation 2) then on small speed to move under a bias.

Maximum speed


The maximum speed of movement with the trailer on roads of Germany is limited 80 km/h. Admissible masses of towed cargo are defined so that at this speed normal trayektorny stability is provided. Even if in other countries movement with higher speed is authorized, all the same for safety reasons it is not necessary to go quicker.

It is possible to eliminate wagging of the trailer with only immediate braking.

Pressure of air in tires


Pressure of air in tires of the car and the trailer should be a subject of special attention. For the trailer the norms established by his manufacturer are defining.

Rear-view mirrors


If at movement with the trailer the review sector through serially established external rear-view mirrors appears insufficient, rules offer to establish instead of them two mirrors in which the driver can see the trailer to back edge of each of boards. Such mirrors, including with adjustable arms, you can get on HUNDRED BMWs.

Electric equipment


In transit the trailer giving it is necessary to take into consideration the raised expense of the electric power. Therefore taking into account limited capacity of the accumulator inclusion of consumers of a current should be short.

Before departure surely check work of back lamps of the trailer.