E46 series BMW 3

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



E46 series BMW 3
- BMW 3 cars (Е46)
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Governing bodies and operation receptions
   Governing bodies and devices
   Filling
   Keys, uniform lock and anticreeping system
   Security сигнализация*
   Window regulators
   The hatch with elevating and movable крышкой*
   Seats
   Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
   Mirrors
   Safety systems
   Lock of ignition and engine start
   Parking brake
   Manual box of gear shifting (RKPP)
   Automatic transmission (AT) *
   Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / light signal
   Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
   Heater of back glass
   Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed) *
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilization of stability with a regulator of a torque of the ASC+T/engine System of dynamic control of stability of DSC*
   The monitoring system of pressure of air in tires (RDC) *
   Lighting and light devices
   Heater, ventilation and conditioner of air of salon
   Salon equipment
   Running in
   Features of driving of the car
   Catalytic converter
   Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS)
   Disk brakes
   Brake system
   Luggage compartments
   Automobile телефон*
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Unlocking of a cover of the refueling hatch manually
   Drive of an elevating and movable cover of the hatch вручную*
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes



2d97642e


Governing bodies and devices

1 — Lay lighting / a passing beam (The section Lighting and light devices)
2 — turn Indexes (Undressed the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal)
Parking fires (Section Lighting and light devices)
Driving beam (Section Lighting and light devices)
Light signal (Undressed the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal)
Traveling компьютер*
3 — Screen wipers / stekloomyvatel (Undressed Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel)
4 — the AT RKPP / selector Lever (Sections the Manual box of gear shifting (RKPP) and Automatic transmission (AT))
If on the car RKPP is established, for inclusion of transfer of a backing it is necessary to wring out the lever to the left, having overcome thus easy resistance

5 — the Uniform lock (Undressed Keys, the uniform lock and anticreeping system)
6 — the Light alarm system
7 — Heating of back glass (Undressed the Heater of back glass)
8 — the Sound signal
9 — Adjustment of a steering wheel (The section Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel)
10 — Back foggy фонарь* (The section Lighting and light devices)
11 — Antifog фары* (The section Lighting and light devices)


Control panel

1 — the Index of a stock of fuel with a control lamp of a reserve
2 — Control lamps of indexes of turn
3 — the Speedometer
4 — Control lamps:
accumulator category
driving beam
pressure of oil in oil engine / level
in the engine
5 — the Tachometer and эконометр
6 — the Index of temperature of cooling liquid with a lamp “Too high temperature of cooling liquid”
7 — Control and alarm lamps (clockwise):
parking brake / level of the brake liquid / monitoring system behind braking on turns (SVS)
ABS
wear of brake shoes
monitoring systems of pressure of air in tires (RDC) *
inflatable safety cushions of a reminder on need пристегнуться*
темпостата*
8 — the control Button:

hours
indicator of the forthcoming maintenance

9 — the Indicator of the chosen program of gear shifting for AT* (The section Automatic transmission (AT))
Control lamp of AT* (Section Automatic transmission (AT))
10 — the Control lamp of system of automatic stabilization of stability with a regulator of a torque of the engine (ASC+T) / system of dynamic control of stability (DSC)
11 — the Display for indication of indications:
run counter
run measuring instrument from the moment of dumping
hours
indicator forthcoming
maintenance
Indication of indications of the traveling computer *, management from the lever of indexes of turn:
hours
temperature of external air
average fuel consumption
rough stock of a course
average speed
12 — the Display of the indicator of open doors and not switched off light devices
13 — the dumping Button on a zero of indications of a measuring instrument of run from the moment of dumping
14 — Control and alarm lamps (clockwise):
antifog фар*
back foggy фонарей*
level of liquid of a washer
level of cooling liquid
преднакала* / digital elekt-Rhone control systems of the diesel engine (DDE) *
electronic system regulirov-ки engine capacities (EML) *
control systems of operation of the engine


# you can deduce on indication of the indication of temperature of external air and the passable way in other units of measure.

Control lamps, signaling devices and indicators

Self-diagnostics of systems of the car


All important electric and electronic systems in the car are exposed to regular automatic testing. Thus you should not include or regulate anything.

So, at ignition inclusion, all control lamps are checked. If one of them is faulty, information on it registers in memory of system of diagnostics of malfunctions, from where it is possible to consider it subsequently.

During a trip continuous measurements of a current in the relay of servomotors (screen wipers, window regulators, seats, the hatch in a roof etc.) allow to supervise their working capacity.

Electric resistance of the NPB zapalny generators and all other elements of this system is also constantly measured. Any malfunction is registered thanks to fluctuations of tension accompanying it, and the corresponding signal about malfunction will be submitted by a control lamp of NPB on a control panel.

Even after switching off of the engine complete control of operability of your car is made. For example, all zaslonka of system of heating and ventilation move to the next final situation. Thereby it is possible to provide in any case preservation of function of defrosting even if in the car during, for example, night there was any defect in heating or ventilation system.

After each switching off of the engine checking process during which all servomotors move zaslonka of system of heating and ventilation to both extreme situation is made. Final provisions and a course a zaslonok that provides subsequently correct control according to the provision of regulators are thus supervised.

Noise testifies to process of self-diagnostics of system of heating / ventilation from work a zaslonok which is audible after ignition switching off. All other functions of self-testing by noise are not accompanied and are not appreciable.

Information on all defects revealed during self-testing is brought in memory and can be считана by means of special devices that allows to define and eliminate quickly them (address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions). On HUNDRED this work it is made in a planned order, at carrying out the next maintenance.

The control and alarm lamps marked with the sign "about", light up for some time for the purpose of working capacity check at the moment of ignition key turn, and die away through different time after engine start.

If in one of systems defect is found, the corresponding lamp after start of the engine does not die away or lights up again during a trip. Actions which are necessary for undertaking in that case, are described below.

Red lamps: immediately stop

The accumulator category about

Fire of a lamp serves as a signal about lack of a battery charging. Defect of a maple belt in a drive of the generator or violation of a chain of a charging current of the generator can be the reason. Address on the next to HUNDRED BMW.
To continue movement it is impossible, as there is a danger of damage of the engine as a result of its overheat. At defect of a maple belt the effort which is necessary for putting to a steering wheel when driving increases.


Pressure of oil in the engine about

It is necessary to stop, muffle at once the engine, to check level of oil and if necessary to finish it to norm. If level appears in norm, address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.
To continue movement it is impossible, as there is a danger of damage of the engine as a result of insufficient greasing.


Control of pressure of air in tires (RDC) *

In addition the acoustic signal sounds: there was a defect of the tire. Immediately stop, avoiding sharp braking or maneuvers. In more detail in the Section the Monitoring system of pressure of air in tires (RDC).


Hydraulic drive of brake system about

If the lamp lights up at the released parking brake, it means that it is necessary to check level of brake liquid. Before continuing movement, surely follow the instructions provided in the Section Brake system.


Red and yellow lamps: it is possible to continue movement with observance of precautionary measures

The monitoring system behind braking on turns (SVS) about

If the lamp lights up together with yellow control lamps of ABS and ASC+T|DSC systems *, it testifies to failure of all complex of adjusting systems ABS, SVS and ASC+T|DSC. It is possible to continue movement with observance of necessary precautionary measures. Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Red lamps: as important reminder

Parking brake

The lamp lights up at the tightened parking brake - at a troganiye from a place the acoustic signal in addition sounds. In more detail in the Section the Parking brake.


Please, пристегнитесь* about

Depending on a car complete set at fire of a lamp simultaneous giving sound сигнала* is possible. Depending on a car complete set the lamp burns or some seconds, or up to a pristegivaniye. For details about seat belts address to the Section of System of safety.


Inflatable safety cushions about

Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions. In more detail in the Section of System of safety.


Orange lamp: it is necessary to move to the next to HUNDRED BMW

Automatic трансмиссия*

Because of malfunction of AT of gear shifting are carried out only according to the emergency program. Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions. In more detail in the Section Automatic transmission (AT).

Yellow lamps: address on HUNDRED for check

System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) about

Fire of a lamp testifies to ABS shutdown because of malfunction. Thus brakes function without restrictions. Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions. In more detail in the Section Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS).


Oil level in the engine

At fire of a lamp check oil level.


Brake shoes about

Check a condition of brake shoes. In more detail in the Section Brake system.


The monitoring system of pressure of air in tires (RDC) * about

Check pressure of air in tires. In more detail in the Section the Monitoring system of pressure of air in tires (RDC) and Specifications.


System of automatic stabilization of stability with a regulator of a torque of the engine (ASC+T) / system of dynamic control of stability (DSC) * about

ASC+T/DSC is disconnected as a result of pressing of a key or because of malfunction. In case of malfunction address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Addition of liquid of a washer

Level of liquid of a washer the too low. Finish it to norm of the first possibility.


Control system of operation of the engine

Defect in system. Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Electronic system of adjustment of engine capacity (EML) about

Defect in EML system; when braking, probably, it is required to make bigger effort a brake pedal, and its course can increase. Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Digital electronic control system of operation of the diesel engine (DDE) * about

If during movement the alarm lamp of DDE system lit up, it means that in electronic system of injection there was a malfunction.

If the engine did not decay, it is possible to continue movement as management of operation of the engine will be carried out according to the emergency program. However at movement according to such program the capacity can be lowered. Address to the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Add cooling liquid

Level of cooling liquid the too low. Finish it to norm at the first possibility.


Yellow lamps: for you attention

Back foggy фонари*

The lamp burns at the included back foggy lamps. In more detail in the Section Lighting and light devices.


Преднакал* about

To start the engine it is possible only after the lamp will go out. In more detail in the Section the Lock of ignition and engine start.

Green lamps: for you attention

Turn index


The lamp blinks at inclusion of indexes of turn. At movement with the trailer the lamp blinks also at inclusion of indexes of turn on the trailer. The speeded-up blinking testifies to defect in system. In more detail in the Section the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal.


Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed) *

The lamp burns at the included system. The system can be operated from a multipurpose steering wheel. In more detail in the Section Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed).


Antifog фары*

The lamp burns at the included fog lights. In more detail in the Section Lighting and light devices.


Dark blue lamp

Driving beam


The lamp burns at the included driving beam and using a light signal. In more detail in Sections the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal and Lighting and light devices.


Run counters

1 Counter of the general run

At ignition key installation in situation "0" you can cause on indication of the indication of the counters presented on an illustration, having pressed the button on a control panel (it is shown by an arrow).

 


2 Measuring instrument of run from the moment of dumping

Dumping on a zero occurs by pressing of the button shown by an arrow if thus the ignition key is in situation 1 or 2.

Tachometer

Avoid finishing of turns of the engine to values of red sector of a scale.

In this range for protection of the engine supply of fuel that is appreciable by capacity falling interrupts.


Ekonometr

Ekonometr registers the actual fuel consumption in km l/100. You can supervise at any time, your manner of driving is how economic and harmless.

At a stop of the car of the shooter comes back to a zero.


The index of a stock of fuel in a tank

For check of operation of the device its control lamp for some time lights up at ignition inclusion.

If the lamp burns constantly, it means that in a tank there were about 8 liters of fuel.

Data on capacity of a fuel tank are provided in Specifications.
The various tilt angle of the car (for example, at long movement on the mountain road) can cause insignificant fluctuations of instrument readings.
Refuel in due time as production of fuel “to a last straw” can lead to damages of the engine or the catalytic converter.


The index of temperature of cooling liquid

Arrow on dark blue sector

Engine still the cold. Movement should occur at moderate turns and speeds.

Arrow on red sector

If the control lamp burns, it means that the engine перегрет. In it it is necessary at once to stop and allow to the engine to cool down.

Zone between color sectors

Corresponds to normal working temperature. At high temperature of air or at big loads of the engine of the shooter can come nearer to red sector closely.

Check of level of cooling liquid is carried out according to instructions in the Section Check of levels of liquids.


Indicator of the forthcoming maintenance

Run to the following THAT

The indication presented on an illustration, appears for some seconds after ignition key turn in situation 1 or 2 or after engine start.

Inscriptions of OILSERVICE or INSPECTION testify to need THAT. Also residual run in km is highlighted. Residual run is calculated on the basis of data on style of driving.

The minus sign “-” before figure of residual run means, what exactly so many kilometers it was necessary to make THAT back.


Replacement of brake liquid

On indication it is possible to deduce month and year in which it is necessary to make replacement of brake liquid. For this purpose during a conclusion to indication of term of the following THAT it is necessary to press the button (it is shown by an arrow) on a control panel. By each pressing of the button indication term next THAT and term of replacement of brake liquid is alternately deduced.

At approach of term of replacement of brake liquid the symbol in the form of hours constantly burns.

The indicator does not consider time of parking of the car with the disconnected plugs of the accumulator.

Therefore watch that replacement of brake liquid, irrespective of indicator indications, was made not less often than once in two years.

Indication of open doors or not switched off light devices

Graphic indication

At position 2 of the ignition key on indication in the form of symbols information on the following preventions (conditions) is deduced. These symbols do not die away before elimination of the reasons which have caused their emergence.

1 Check a passing beam.
2 the door Is open.
3 the luggage carrier Is open.
4 Check lamps of a backing or stoplights. The top symbol testifies to malfunction of an average stoplight.

If upon termination of a trip you opened a door and forgot to turn off the light, the warning signal (no indication appears), reminding of it sounds.

Hours

Control

It is made after ignition key turn in situation 1 or 2.

Putting a clock forward: turn the button to the right.

Putting a clock back: turn the button to the left.

The more long you keep the button in the turned situation, the change of indications is quicker made.

Change of a mode of indications: press and at once release the button.

With each pressing of the button indication of time changes with 12-hour on 24-hour and back.

If the ignition key is in situation 0, short-term (for some seconds) the call of indications of time is made after pressing of the left adjusting button (see run counters, above).


Traveling компьютер*


Information call

After ignition key turn in situation 1 you can, using the button in the lever switch of indexes of turn, to cause on the display of a control panel information of the traveling computer. After each short-term pressing the button in the direction to a steering column the next information is deduced.

Information is deduced in the following sequence: time, temperature of external air, average fuel consumption, rough stock of a course, average speed of movement.

With ignition key turn in situation 1 on indication the corresponding last value is deduced.


Temperature of external air

You can change a unit of measure of temperature of external air (on Celsius / by Fahrenheit).

For this purpose during indication of temperature it is necessary to press the right adjusting button on a control panel.


Prevention of ice

At temperature drop below +3°С the warning sound signal, and indication some time is distributed blinks.

The prevention repeats, if after the last giving of a signal the temperature at least rose once to +6°С, and then fell to +3°С.

Despite existence of system of the prevention of ice, possibility of its education (for example, on bridges and the shaded sites of roads) as well is not excluded at temperature above +3°С.

Average fuel consumption

If during indication of average fuel consumption to press the button and some time to hold it, from this point calculation will begin anew. Thus it is necessary, that the engine worked.


Course stock


The stock of a course is calculated taking into account the actual style of driving on the last kilometers of a way.

Average speed

If during indication of average speed of movement to press the button and some time to hold it, from this point calculation will begin anew. Thus it is necessary, that the engine worked.

Parking time with the switched-off engine at calculation is not considered.


Light alarm system


Button illumination periodically blinks at the switched-on alarm system.

At included illumination of the car the button is highlighted that allows to find easier it.

Function of operation of indexes of turn has a priority before function of the light alarm system. Therefore after ignition key turn in situation 1 indexes of turn can blink, even if the light alarm system is switched on.

Multipurpose steering wheel (MFL) *

In a multipurpose steering wheel the keys allowing quickly are built in, without distracting from the events on the road, to use

- some functions of a radio receiver,
- Tempostaty,
- some functions of phone.

For management of various systems from their multipurpose steering wheel it is necessary to include previously.

On an illustration the possible example of a full complete set is shown. Details contain in descriptions of concrete options.

1 — Phone: call reception, start of a set of number, conversation termination
2 — Switching from a radio receiver on phone and back
3 — station Search / telephone number down according to the range / list of phones
4 — Loudness of a radio receiver and phone

5 — station Search / telephone number up according to the range / list of phones
6 — the Sound signal, all panel
7 — Tempostat: a call of the value kept in memory
8 — Tempostat: input of the actual speed as set and its subsequent increase (+) or reduction of speed and input of the reached value in memory (-)
9 — Tempostat: inclusion / interruption work / switching off